In general, the Labour Act (Is Kanunu) No. 4857 that entered into force in June 2003, the Law of Obligations (Borclar Kanunu) No. 6098 that entered into force in July 2012 and Law on Trade Unions and Collective Bargaining Agreements (Sendikalar ve Toplu Iş Sozlesmesi Kanunu) No. 6356 that entered into force in November 2012 govern the relations between employers and employees.
Generally, the Labour Act covers employment contracts and employers’ and employees’ rights against each other. The Law of Obligations generally covers the debtor-creditor relationship, but also includes crucial stipulations as to the relations between employers and employees since it is also same sort of relationship.
Law of Trade Unions and Collective Bargaining Agreements regulates the procedures and principles regarding the establishment, management, operation, inspection, running and organization of employee and employer’s unions and confederations. The Law further establishes the procedures and principles for entering into collective bargaining agreements between employees and employers in order to mutually determine their economic and social status and working conditions and for settling disputes amicably and resorting to strike and lock-out.
Since Turkey is the member of the International Labour Organization, the translation of the Labour Act may be found at the Organization’s “http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/ankara/download/labouracturkey.pdf” web-site. The other laws are not available online.